Whereas the number of poor can be fixed simply through a sample survey, identifying them would need visiting each and every household. While Planning Commission was the official agency to estimate the percentage of population below poverty line (BPL) once in five years based on the National Sample Survey on Consumption Expenditure, a Census to identify the BPL households has been conducted by the states through the Ministry of Rural Development of the Central Government three times (1992, 1997 and 2002) in the last 25 years.
Poverty remains one of the most pressing challenges facing the country today. But why are the people poor? Why are able-bodied working age group people poor? Old people, disabled people, that's different.
Welfare measures are not freebie. Hence, the policy culture must keep an effective balance between passion and compassion, to make the impact of underlying much more robust than in the sloganeering confine of 'greater common goods'.
To achieve the goals of India 2.0, the government has implemented many welfare schemes for social inclusion with focus on improving ongoing schemes such as Rashtriya Swasthya Bima Yojana (RSBY) to make them holistic, a senior government official has said.